HMS Portland class 4th rate ship of the line . Neener neener neener... My ship has more guns than yours! :D That´s the logic of the Ship of the line.
A ship of the line is all about delivering a strong broadside. So the hull is designed to provide stability for the heavy guns on the lower decks and to take a beating from other ships with the same purpose.
This is even the case with a small one as the 4th rater. .
The model is made in LDD
The scale is 1:38
And -sorry about the geeky nature of the posting, but here it goes.-
The HMS Portland class was a series of eleven ships built to a design from 1767. Because of the Patrick O´Brian novels HMS Leopard is the ship which is the easiest one to find information on, (the plans for this ship is the backdrop on the 2 first pics) so this model is largely based on her. As these ships span a service period of some thirty years there was a lot of color patterns to choose. I went for the Nelson mesh coloring mostly because I think it looks good.
As the European navies were deploying the 74 gun 3rd raters the class was considered too small to serve in “the line” when finally coming into service during the 1770´s.
Even though they were considered obsolete HMS Portland class ships served during the American War of Independence, the French Revolutionary Wars, and the Napoleonic Wars.
Some of the ships had careers spanning up to 30 years and was present at some of the major battles of these conflicts.
So there could be found one or more HMS Portland class 4th raters at these battles:
• Battle of Cape Henry (HMS Adamant)
• Battle of the Chesapeake (HMS Adamant)
• Battle of Camperdown (HMS Adamant, HMS Isis)
• Battle of Cuddalore (HMS Isis)
• Battle of Copenhagen (HMS Isis)
• Battle of Porto Praya (HMS Jupiter)
• Battle of Muizenberg (HMS Jupiter)
• Battle of the Nile (HMS Leander)
On this model I have returned to my usual sections. In this case 7 of them
I have tried to stay true to the plans, models and pictures that I could find on the ships, but I must admit to some simplifying here and there. On the stern it is very obvious (there are two women statues attached to the top part of the gallery on the real HMS Leopard) , however I think I have achieved an elegant look whilst still being pretty close.
The rudder even turns.
When I initially started designing this model I thought: “hey isn´t this just a 5th rater with an extra gun deck”- How wrong I was. The bow section is the strongest indicator. This is also the section that I had most fun designing. Here I have opened one of the access doors to show the bowsprit running all the way through the bow. (this bowsprit is a combination of the mainmast design of the HMS Lively model and the bowsprit design of the HDMS Lougen model)
There is also a noticeable bulge on the hull, this is to accomodate the weight, size and recoil of the heavy guns on the lower gun deck
On the HDMS Lougen I designed the masts to be ready for rigging. I have continued this development on the HMS Portland model.
One of the main design challenges of a ship of this type is the offset placement of the guns.
As this is a ship conceived in the 1760´s she is based on the traditional long-guns: The ship was constructed around the 22 24 pd guns on the lower gun deck and the 24 12 pd guns on the upper gun deck. As chasers and crew/rigging guns there is 6 6 pd guns on the quarterdeck/cabins and 2 2 6 pd guns on the forecastle.
Here a view of one of the center sections to show the gun emplacements (these are very similar on the HMS Lively) and the capstans, these are of similar design to the HDMS Lougen (Initially made to fit a small ship I found them to be of a better design than my previous ones).
The boats and anchors are of my usual design.
Now follows some shots of the design process broken down in 10 stages
I have managed to make these with all the extra graphics on up until stage 8 (then LDD crashes due to the amount of bricks), especially the "brick outline" makes them more revealing, enjoy:
1: Initial measuring, This is based mainly on drawings of HMSLeopard, these drawings give reference points with gaps of 5-10 feet. Already here the organic shape of the 18th century hull is obvious. The hull is designed in a V-U-Y shape from bow to stern.
2: Filling the gaps(and designing the bow), Some will notice the yellow hair on the other pictures of the figurehead. This is the only piece that is not directly buyable via “Bricklink” or “DesignByMe”. The rest is pretty standard.
3: Cleaning up the hull, This is the stage where I make the model structurally sound and finish the main design of the external hull including the stern. The hull is approx. 165 studs long and approx. 41 studs wide(beam).
4: Inside SNOT, As I don´t know the colors of the lower decks of the Portland class, stage 4 -8 is a combination of HMS Leopard(4th rater) and HMS Victory (1st rater). This also means that the hold is left as an open space except from the base of the masts and pumps. Which hasn´t been made yet on this shot.
5: The Orlop, This area is mostly below the waterline, this is the lowest deck that I have a HMS Leopard plan for. This is a real maze of rooms, it´s kind of a mess even though I have simplified it quite a bit.
6: The Lower gun deck, This is the main gun deck carrying 22 24 pounder long-guns. These are considered heavy guns, way heavier than standard field guns of the period. This deck also features the pumps and two of the capstans.
The stern has alternate positions for two of the guns on this deck
7: The upper gun deck, This deck is very similar to the main gun deck of a frigate, carrying 24 12 pounder long-guns. This deck also features the galley/stove, the other two capstans and the section with the officers cabins and the marines room. I just designed the panels dividing this section from the larger section of the deck.
8: Top deck(s), Forecastle: with 2 6 pd guns(chasers), the stove chimney and the belfry. Spardeck: this will later be dominated by the ships boats. Quarterdeck: with 2 6 pd guns. The administrative section of the cabins with checkerboard-floor and 4 6 pd guns, (actually I couldn´t fit the last one :P) and the wheel. The doors of the office section are designed as single and double doors with windows.
9: The poop deck, This covers the main cabin, the office cabins and the wheel. The only noticeable design feature here is the skylight.
10: Masts & other stuff, This is the final stage of a LDD design, on a real build this would be followed by a rigging stage and the construction of a display stand.
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