The BM-30 Smerch (Tornado) or 9A52 is a Soviet heavy multiple rocket launcher.
About this creation
The BM-30 is designed to defeat personnel, armored, and soft-skinned targets in concentration areas, artillery batteries, command posts and ammunition depots. It was created in the early 1980s and entered service in the Soviet Army in 1989. When first observed by the West in 1983, it received the code MRL 280mm M1983
The launch vehicle ensures delivery of fire from an un-surveyed fire position; laying of the launch tube cluster with the crew staying in the cabin and without using aiming points; autonomous determination of an azimuth of the launch tube cluster’s longitudinal axis;
visual representation of graphical information for the launch tube cluster laying.
The BM-30 has seven rocket projectiles at its disposal, the 9M55Kanti-personnel cluster munition, the 9M55K1 self guided anti-tank cluster munition, the 9M55K4 AT minelets cluster munition, the 9M55K5 HEAT/HE-Fragmentation warhead, the 9M55F separable HE-Fragmentation warhead, the 9M55S thermobaric warhead and the standard 9M528 HE-Fragmentation warhead.
The BM-30 is in service with at least 13 countries including India, Kuwait, Ukraine, Venezuela and Belarus.
The cab and fire-command center are NBC protected allowing allowing the rockets to be fired without exposing the crew to possible contaminants.
All 12 tubes can be fired in 20 seconds
Weight - 43.7 tones
Length - 12 m
Width - 3.05 m
Height - 3.05 m
Crew - 3
Caliber - 300 mm
Barrels - 12
Maximum range - 90 km
Main armament - 9M55 or 9M528 rockets
Engine - V-12 diesel D12A-525A w/525 hp
Range - 850 km
Speed - 60 km/h