This is a hand-drawn end stroke hand "tub" fire engine. It was manufactured in the early 1790's by Richard Mason in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It has a swivel front axle guided by a wooden pole. It is pulled by rope mounted on twin reels at the front of the body.
About this creation
This engine is about nine feet in overall length. It is approximately four feet wide. It was fed by a bucket brigade that dumped water into the well intakes on either side of the body. Because it has no way to take water in through a hose, this fire engine is called a "tub." Some of these end stroke engines had the ability to draft through a hose.
The pump consists of two single-acting cylinders of approximately six inches in bore. The pump discharged through a brass "gooseneck" nozzle that is mounted on top of the engine. It could throw a stream of water approximately 140 feet. A man standing on top of the engine could guide the flow of the gooseneck and direct it towards the fire. Other men standing on the ground would work the pump arm handles or "breaks." The breaks were pumped up and down to operate the pump. They derived their name from their ability to break the arms of the firefighters operating the engine.
Gooseneck engines were popular until the development of the larger "piano-style" engines in the mid-19th Century. BFD552@gmail.com